Health disparities among transgender population continue to exist despite its increasing social acceptance in the US. Health disparities include increased rates of psychiatric disorders, substance abuse, suicide and HIV/DTDs (Healthy People 2020). It is important that nursing education incorporate into their curriculum the healthcare needs specific to this group as along with gender affirming care.
Introduction and Background
The aim of the study was to assess the knowledge and comfort levels of nurse practitioner students would have with transgender patients as well as evaluate the amount of education provided to them about transgender health care needs.
Fifty- four (54) nurse practitioner students enrolled in a master’s of science program participated in the study. Nurse practitioner students in two courses were selected for the study. One course, Advance health assessment and a second course, Primary adult and geriatric care. The advanced health assessment course is one of the graduate APRN courses, which focuses on communication, history taking and assessment skills. The primary adult and geriatric care course focused on clinical decision-making, diagnosis and management of adult and geriatric medical/health problems.
Students were informed during the fall 2016 semester they would be participating in an educational evaluation project on transgender care. Instructional materials on transgender care included readings, video, role-play and class discussions during one class session.
Prior to providing the instructional materials, a pre-test “Assessing medial attitudes toward transgender care (Skukla, Dundas, Asp, Saltzman & Duggan, 2015) was administrated. Students were given two weeks to read the assigned transgender materials. After the class discussion, a posttest of the attitudes survey was administrated afterwards.