The researcher, InKyoung Kim, is a professor of nursing at Hanseo University (South Korea). She is a certified professional nurse and received a master's degree in nursing in 2009 and a doctor's degree in nursing in 2012 at Ewha Womans University (South Korea). Her major is adult nursing and her education and research focus in on adult health problems and nursing. Particularly, the major focus of her research is on nursing student education, health functional foods, and geriatric nursing. The researcher is active in various nursing academic societies and has published a large number of researches and books since 2012.
This study is a descriptive study targeting Korean nursing students to investigate the characteristics of their Vitamin and Minerals intake and the level of nutritional knowledge. The subjects of this study were 244 nursing students from five universities in Korea. The survey period was from September 1st to September 30th in 2016; from the 260 distributed questionnaires, 244 were collected and used as the analysis data of this study. The survey was an investigation using a structured questionnaire. The questionnaire items consisted of 20 items in total, including general characteristics, vitamin and mineral intake, nutrition knowledge, and nutrition education needs. The survey data were statistically processed using IBM.SPSS Statistics 22.0, program. Analysis methods utilized frequency analysis, mean and standard deviation, t-test, and ANOVA. The mean age of the subjects was 22.35 ± 2.35 years old, and 'healthy' 48.8% was the most prevalent response in respect of the subjective health status. 50.4% of the respondents said that they ‘do not exercise’. 81.7% of the subjects had 'no disease’, and many of the subjects were drinking and smoking. When asked about their experience of taking vitamins and Minerals, 71.5% of the subjects said they "take" them. The most prevailing motive for purchasing vitamins and minerals was "the suggestions from the people around them," as 76.7% of the subjects answered. The most common type of ingestion was by "multivitamin" 45.1%, while many "did not accurately check the dose" when they took the vitamins and minerals 54.5%. 76.6% of the subjects had "no effect" after use. Nutritional knowledge level was found to be at an intermediate level at 8.85 points out of 16. In evaluation nutritional knowledge on vitamin and mineral intake characteristics, there was a statistically significant difference only in the intake experience (t=2.714, p=.024). Because the health care of nursing University students in their exercises, smoking, and drinking was poorly managed, the need for lifestyle management was apparent. Although the intake rate of Vitamins and Minerals was high, related nutritional knowledge was found to be intermediate, which called for nutritional education on proper selection and ingestion of Vitamins through their classes or special lectures. As nursing college students will be responsible for the health of the public in the future as a prospective medical team, they must be able to select and consume Vitamins and Minerals properly and to accurately communicate nutritional information.