To examine effects of progressive muscle relaxation training on depression, anxiety and quality of life in female breast cancer patients in peri-operational stage for getting support in improving the quality of nursing.
Methods A total of 200 patients were randomly allocated to the intervention group (n=100) receiving progressive muscle relaxation training plus routine nursing care and the control group (n=100) receiving routine nursing care. The state was assessed with Self-rating Depression Scale(SDS), Self-rating Anxiety Scale(SAS)and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy (FACT-B) .
Results The intervention group patients had significant improvements in quality of life, depression and anxiety after intervention for 5 weeks ,P<0. 05,but the control group patients had no significant improvement in quality of life,depression and anxiety, P>0. 05. The intervention group patients had significantly larger improvements than those of the control group in quality of life ,depression and anxiety,P<0. 05.
Conclusion Progressive muscle relaxation training can improve quality of life, alleviate depression and relieve anxiety in female breast cancer patients in peri-operational stage.
Wanxia Yao has completed her PhD in 2011 at the Xi’an Jiaotong University. She became Assistant Professor of Nursing in 2009 and Professor in 2015. She has published more than 70 articles in international/national journals, more than 20 presentations at (inter)national congresses, and has been an Editorial Board Member of many national journals.