HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at Orlando, USA or Virtually from your home or work.

6th Edition of Nursing World Conference

October 27-29, 2022 | Orlando, USA

October 27 -29, 2022 | Orlando, Florida, USA
NWC 2022

Mpho Chipu

Speaker at  Nursing World Conference 2022 - Mpho Chipu
Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital, South Africa
Title : A model to facilitate self-care of professional nurses caring for critically ill patients

Abstract:

Self-care is vital in promoting the physical and psychological wellbeing of healthcare workers. There are multiple impediments in the South African intensive care units which contribute to self-care not being practised and prioritised by the registered nurses caring for critically ill patients. The multi-layered demands of the critical care patients related to life threatening illnesses resulted in compassion fatigue and stress. The registered nurses’ physical, psychological, psychosocial, spiritual and professional wellbeing were negatively impacted and feelings of helplessness, hopelessness, incompetency and lack of motivation were experienced amongst them. The researcher’s previous Master’s Dissertation “Experiences of registered nurses caring for patients with open abdomen” confirmed the need to facilitate self-care of registered nurses caring for critically ill patients. The research question of “What can be done to facilitate self-care of registered nurses caring for critically ill patients?” was formulated.

The purpose of the study was to develop, implement and evaluate a model as a frame of reference to facilitate self-care of registered nurses caring for critically ill patients in an intensive care unit in a public hospital in Gauteng. The researcher described and  developed a model to facilitate self-care of registered nurses caring for critically ill patients. The three theoretical frameworks applied in developing this model were Dorothea Orem’s Self-care Theory, Pender’s Health Promotion Model and Theory of Human Caring by Jean Watson. The researcher utilised a theory-generating, qualitative, exploratory, descriptive and contextual research design. The four criteria to evaluate trustworthiness in qualitative research were adhered to, to ensure that the findings of the research reflected  the truth value of this study: credibility, dependability, confirmability and transferability.

The study followed four steps which were concept analysis, the concepts being placed in relationship statements, the description of the model, and the implementation and evaluation of the model. In step 1 and 2, the central concepts were derived, defined and classified to develop a model to facilitate self-care of registered nurses caring for critically ill patients. In step 1, concept analysis took place in two phases. The central concepts were identified in phase 1 from the findings of the researcher’s Master’s dissertation while in phase 2, the central concept was defined and classified. During step 2, the concepts were placed in relationship while in step 3, the researcher described the model with guidelines for operationalisation and during step 4, the model was implemented and evaluated.

Keywords: Self-care, Professional nurse, model, implementation

 

 

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