Stroke is the second most deadly disease in the world, characterized by high morbidity, disability, recurrence, mortality, and a serious economic burden and care burden on society and families. With the shift from the traditional biomedical model to the bio-psycho-social medicine model, more and more researchers are paying attention to the psychological conditions of stroke patients.
Stigma refers to an individual's feeling of inner shame after illness, which affects the mental health, disease recovery and social function of stroke patients. Through the search literature, it is found that stroke patients generally have moderate and above levels of stigma, and will be affected by the patient's general information, family and social support, disease-related factors, comorbidities, personal psychological quality and other factors. At present, the main interventions for the stigma of stroke patients are: narrative nursing, empowerment education, mindfulness training, reading therapy, group intervention, cognitive behavioral therapy, etc
Psychological distress refers to an individual's unpleasant emotional feelings in psychological, social or spiritual aspects, and severe psychological distress will increase the risk of stroke, and will also affect the quality of life, functional recovery and health promotion level of stroke patients. Previous studies have found that stroke patients have a high rate of detection of psychological distress, and most patients suffer from moderate and higher levels of psychological distress. Psychological distress is affected by factors such as the patient's general information, disease-related factors, lifestyles, personal psychological qualities, and social support. Interventions for psychological distress include narrative care, mindfulness training, cognitive behavioral therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, and more.
In summary, psychological distress and stigma are positively correlated, and stigma is a predictor of psychological distress, but the correlation between the two has not been studied among stroke patients, and it is hoped that future studies can explore the correlation between psychological distress and stigma in stroke patients;