Title : Effect of cervical cancer interactive education program on female student`s knowledge and behavioral intention towards prevention of cervical cancer.In Nigeria
Cervical cancer is a significant health issue worldwide. It is preventable and treatable, yet the burden is still high among women in developing countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of cervical cancer prevention interactive education program on female student`s knowledge and behavioral intention towards prevention of cervical cancer. A quasi-experimental design was used. A multi-stage cluster sampling was adopted to select the students. Data was collected twice by administering predesigned questionnaire through sessions of participatory learning approaches which included lectures using power-point and question-answers method. The data was analyzed using SPSS version 26. The effect of the intervention at two points was determined using frequency, chi square test and paired t-test. Analysis of the differences in the mean pre-test and post-test scores was done using paired t- test. The result showed that the knowledge mean score improved from (11.33±7.28) at pre intervention to (21.20±47) at post intervention phase. There was an increase in the knowledge mean score for cervical cancer from 1.01 to 1.6. There was also a significant difference of X2= 1549.5 at p=0.000. Result of the paired t- test also showed a difference in the mean pre test and post test score (t = 5.846 p= 0.002) which implied knowledge gain for cervical cancer. The knowledge on cervical cancer prevention also increased from a mean score of 0.99 at pre test to a mean score of 1.44 at the post test. The behavioral intention towards prevention of cervical cancer also increased from an aggregate mean score at pre test of 1.11 to 1.37 at post test. There was a high significant difference of X2 = 25.345 at p=0.000 and paired t-test value of 5.025 at p=0.002. The educational intervention therefore increased the student`s knowledge and behavioral intention towards prevention of cervical cancer. It was therefore recommended that, continuing educational interventions should be carried out in other schools among students to improve knowledge towards cervical cancer prevention.
Keywords: cervical cancer, educational intervention, knowledge, prevention, students.