Title : Emotional and Behavioral Disorders in Children during Quarantine the COVID 19 Epidemic in Mosul City North of Iraq
Background: To prevent a wider spread of COVID-19 infection, several countries around the world have closed schools. We had to conduct a study aimed at evaluating the extent of behavioral and emotional disorders among school-age children through the quarantine period.
Objective: The research aims to find the impact of home quarantine on children's behavior during the spread of a new Corona epidemic in the city of Mosul
Method: Through the use of the strength difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) scale, an online survey of children aged 8 to 16 years was conducted, from several schools in the Mosul City for the period between March 25 and June 28, 2020 to assess their behavioral problems.
Results: According to the Strength and Difficulty Scale Questionnaire. Significant increase in behavioral problems in children during the quarantine period (Alpha value = 0.0331, which is less than the significant value 0.05, followed by an increase in emotional problems with (mean + standard deviation SD = 1.87 ± 1.48), (M-value = 0.0203P = and peer problems) 0.603), the results of the study also showed that male children suffer from behavioral problems but females emotional affected more than males more than females, as well as that older children are more emotionally and behaviorally affected by the Corona epidemic by 67%, and this is due to the fact that they are more aware of the seriousness of the disease to their health.
Conclusion: Behavioral problems among school-aged children increased during home quarantine in COVID-19 outbreak. Playing sports, some physical exercise, and playing with the children around him is likely to be a successful measure to reduce the behavioral problems of school-aged children during the period of home quarantine.