The study was undertaken to assess the fertility pattern, prevalence of pregnancy wastage and their relationship with the health of women. Convenient sampling was used to select 300 samples from selected areas of Jalandhar, Punjab. The tool consist of three parts- Tool A consisted of socio- demographic Variables, Tool-B consisted Interview schedule to assess Fertility Pattern and Pregnancy Wastage and Tool- C consisted a Self structured Health Assessment Performa. Reliability was established by Split half method and Karl Pearson’s Formula was applied and the reliability of the tool was 0.89. Data analysis was done by using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Findings of the study revealed that a total of 671 pregnancies were seen in 300 women whose live births were 567(84.51%) and Mean fertility was 1.89 whereas in case of Pregnancy Wastage, it was found to be 104(15.49%), Mean pregnancy wastage was 0.346. To assess the relationship between fertility pattern and health of women, Chi square test was done. The value of chi square was found out to be 8.92 with 1 df and p value 0.002 and it is concluded that there is a significant relationship between fertility pattern and health of women. To assess the relationship between pregnancy wastage and health of women chi square test was done which was found out to be 25.37 at 2 df and p value 0 and it was concluded that there is a significant relationship between pregnancy wastage and health of women. While the findings of association between the Fertility Pattern and selected Socio-demographic variables, Age, Duration of marriage had an association with Fertility of women, and there was an association between the pregnancy wastage and Age, Duration of marriage, Dietary habits. No other variables were significantly associated with the fertility pattern and pregnancy wastage.
The study concluded that the women’s Health is affected adversely with the increase in number of Pregnancies and pregnancy wastage.