Title : Resilience, coping and family function among adolescents and young adults impacted by parental lung cancer
Purpose Resilience plays an important role in helping individuals to adapt to adversity and improve their psychosocial outcomes. This study aims to examine the mediating role of coping in the relationship between family function and resilience in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) who have a parent with lung cancer.
Method A total of 135 AYAs with a lung cancer parent were recruited from a tertiary grade A cancer center in southern China, and investigated using a self-designed general information questionnaire, the Resilience Scale for Chinese Adolescents, the Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire, and the Family Adaptation, Partnership, Growth, Affection, Resolve index.
Results The mean score of AYAs’ resilience was (3.61±0.49), and its influencing factors included AYAs’ years in work, family function and positive coping. The total effect of family function on resilience was significant (total effect=0.38, 95% CI [0.048–0.115]), and a positive indirect effect was identified for family function on resilience via positive coping (indirect effect=0.10, 95% CI [0.005-0.043]).
Conclusion Family functioning can facilitate resilience either directly or by promoting positive coping. This study suggests that individualized interventions can be made to improve resilience by promoting family function, or by enhancing positive coping in AYAs with a lung cancer parent.