HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at Orlando, USA or Virtually from your home or work.

6th Edition of Nursing World Conference

October 27-29, 2022 | Orlando, USA

October 27 -29, 2022 | Orlando, Florida, USA
NWC 2022

Renee Bauer

Speaker at  Nursing World Conference 2022 - Renee Bauer
Indiana State University, United States
Title : Sex trafficking nurses being on the front line and helping victims


It is disturbing to learn that approximately 87% of trafficked individuals were seen by a health care provider while they were with their capturer (Bauer et al, 2019; Mason, 2018; Schwarz et al., 2016). Every year, approximately 18,000 people are brought to the United States and coerced into labor or sex work (Bauer et al, 2019; Cheshire, 2017). Traffickers target innocent individuals and sometimes families wanting better for their children (Hartinger-Saunders et al, 2017). Unfortunately, traffickers may be acquaintances or family members of the victim, making it difficult for health care providers to quickly identify traffickers because they may not exhibit obvious and common attributes (Leslie, 2018). Trafficking victims frequently present with common health issues that often include, sudden illnesses, drug overdose or toxic exposures, pregnancy or abortion, or an untreated chronic disease such as diabetes. Medical surgical floors have an opportunity to treat these individuals when chronic disease is present, conceivably giving them a chance to feel confident with the nurse and potentially establishing a trusting relationship. The potential victim’s assessment should include precise documentation of information regarding wounds that involve mouth, skin, genital or anal areas (Leslie, 2018). Fortunately, there may be tell-tale “red flag” signs that can be used to identify undetected victims helping us all detect this crime immediately. This presentation will define what sex trafficking is, help healthcare workers to assess their patients regarding what to look for, and comprehend how this dilemma can exist in the United States. 


Dr. Renee Bauer studied nursing at Indiana State University, Terre Haute and graduated with her PhD in 2015. She has spent 25 years working in psychiatry and teaching research and psychiatric nursing. She has over 30 publications and 40 presentations. Presently, she is attending the University of Southern Indiana to obtain her psychiatric practitioner license.