Title : Quality of life of nursing students from three provinces in Ecuador
Nursing education has to deal with academic processes, students’ modes of life and health concerns of people who receive their care. Therefore, evaluating the quality of life (QOL) of nursing students is important to ensure their well-being while they are getting trained as future professionals. The study aimed to analyze overall QOL and its domains of respondents by their sociodemographic characteristics and residence. The study design used was descriptive, cross-sectional. The study was conducted in the cities of Quito, Esmeraldas and Santo Domingo, located in Ecuador. A convenience sample of 660 nursing students was used in the study. A self-administered sociodemographic questionnaire and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire (WHOQOL-BREF) were used to collect data from enrolled students. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to examine whether sociodemographic variables and residence can improve QOL of students. The results showed that in general, students reported a mean score of 2.84 (SD = 1.61) in their perception of overall QOL and 3.19 (SD = 1.27) of health. The highest overall score of quality of life was obtained in the physical health domain, while the lowest score was found in the social health domain and varies between cities. Sex, age, residence, and family income showed a significant effect on the four domains of QOL. The study emphasizes the importance of evaluating the quality of life of nursing students while they are getting trained. The findings should be considered by education and health policymakers in Ecuador in order to develop policies centered on the holistic learning process of students in the country.