Title : Utilizing imogene king’s theory of goal attainment with opioid recovery
The plight of the opioid crisis locally, regionally, and nationally across the lifespan and continuum of care has devastated individuals, families and communities. The etiology of the opioid crisis is multi-faceted. CDC reports during the time period of 1999-2017 greater than 700,000 American have died from drug overdose.1 During the same time frame almost 400,000 people died from an overdose involving any opioid, including prescription and illicit opioids.2 By utilizing Imogene King’s conceptual system of goal attainment an innovative process can be used to carve out a progressive approach with a concentration on recovery. This model embodies the nursing process for health promotion education, family and patient-centered care and can be related to recovery from opioid addiction. King’s theory is holistic, relationship-based and facilitates family and patient-centered care. Evidence of the model has been widely referenced and utilized nationally and internationally across the lifespan and continuum of care. The model of goal attainment is comprised of three interacting systems: personal, interpersonal and social system. Each of the respective systems has attributes for the relationship-based care. Personal includes self, body image, growth and development, time and coping3. Interpersonal includes interaction, transaction role, and stressors4. Social systems include autonomy, decision making, organization, power, and status4. Each of the interacting systems align with the nursing process to facilitate communication, interaction, decision making, and goal attainment. Potential long-term impact and scalability utilizing this nurse-led model within an interprofessional focus has the potential to increase the promotion of education and decrease incidence of overdose and death.