Potential Speaker for Nursing Conferences- Nukhet Kirag

Title: Children’s Eye Health Protective Behaviours and Vision Screening Approach

Nukhet Kirag

Aydın Adnan Menderes University, Turkey

Biography

Dr. Kırağ studied public health at the Aydın Adnan Menderes University, Turkey and graduated as MS in 2009. She then joined the research group of Prof. Temel at the Institute of Health Sciences, Turkey. She received her PHD degree in 2016 at the same institution. She obtained the position of an Assistant Professor at the Aydın Adnan Menderes University. She has published ten research articles.

Abstract

Approximately 285 million people worldwide are visually impaired. Of these people, 39 million are blind, and 246 million have a high loss of vision. Approximately 90% of visually impaired people live in developing countries. A global coalition of non-governmental organizations and the WHO has launched an initiative program Vision 2020: The right to sight.  It has also been suggested that in addition to eye screening programs amidst elementary school students to detect refractive error, other disorders such as strabismus and color vision deficiency, which can also be accessed screened and evaluated, should be integrated into routine screening programs. Eye health promotion program‑positively affected the eye health protective behaviors of the students living in a rural area in Turkey. The frequency of wearing glasses and having eye examinations, using sunglasses, along with the time spent outdoors were found to increase in the experimental group compared to the control group (P < 0.05). Another eye health behavior that needs to be improved among students is their near working behaviors. The literature indicates that activities such as studying, reading books, using the computer, and watching TV are regarded as near working behaviors. This reduces the time spent in near working activities, increases the visibility range of eyes, and helps prevent the development and progression of myopia in children. They also found that myopic children spent more time (4.2 h) indoors, and less time in outdoor activities (1.9 h) per week, than nonmyopic children. They indicated that the time spent outdoors has a protective effect in the prevention of myopia development. School health nurses can coordinate eye health protection and promotion programs using the educational materials and the education program included in this study, to help students acquire positive behaviors.