Examinations: PhD (Caring Science), Åbo Akademi University, Vaasa, Finland 2008. Master of Caring Science, University of Helsinki, Finland, 1998. Registered Nurse, University of Applied Sciences, Jyväskylä, Finland, 1982. Graduate . Saarijärvi Senior High School, 1978.
Scientific activities: Post doc researcher 2009- (freelancer 2013- ), Åbo Akademi University and Hospital District of Helsinki and Uusimaa. Referee in the Editorial Board 2017-, International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine.
Publications: A monograph (doctoral dissertation), articles with and without the referee praxis in scientific journals, proceedings in conference publications with the referee praxis and popular articles.
Title : CHARIMUS ERGO SERVAMUS – Giving hope is to care and to care is to serve