Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a screening tool to identify the pregnant women who are required to have a concrete checkup or education about preterm birth (PTB).
Methods: The items for the screening tool were drafted from literature review and the result of interviews with women who are hospitalized after preterm delivery. The validity and reliability of the items was performed after the content validity.
Results: The screening tool for the risk of PTB in pregnant women was consisted of 9-items for the biomedical risks (the screening tool for PTB-BM). In ROC (receiver operating characteristic) analysis of the screening tool for PTB-BM, the AUC (area under the ROC curve) was 79. The sensitivity and specificity were 47.1% and 90.4% at a cut off score of 2 points. The criterion-related validity was evaluated by the correlation with the Risk of Preterm Delivery (RPD) score system (r=.59, p<.001).
Conclusions: The screening tool for the biomedical risks toward PTB reveals valid and reliable. It could be applied to identify the pregnant women who have some risks of PTB.
Audience Take Away:
- The audience is able to use the preterm birth risk scale to predict preterm labor.
- They can get the scale in English