Title : Health education versus health promotion in the hospital
The project has proposed specifics training to Nurses working in the sectors related to the Cardiological Department on prevention in cardiology, secondary type after admission by Acute Coronary Syndrome event.
Chronic diseases are a global alarm and cardiovascular disease accounts for 48%
- Global Status Report on non-communicable disease 2010
- World Health Organization (Reprinted 2011)
In daily practice, the commitment required in the management of Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) and the limited-time related resources can undermine the delicate phase of discharge of patient’s at discharge patient haven’t all information’s about therapy, style of life and need for future checks.
The project aimed to increase the theoretical and practical knowledge in the process of discharge of patients with ACS and the importance of nursing counseling for secondary prevention, to avoid future cardiovascular events.
Proper management of relapse and secondary prevention can’t be based only on an adequate diagnostic-therapeutic procedure, its treatment depends in the major part accepting and learning to modify patient’s style of life. Based on these data, we know how important the patient, and his family (caregivers) become aware of coronary heart disease, infect style may have favored it.
Approximately 80% of cardiovascular diseases can be prevented by secondary prevention.
- World Health Organization Cardiovascular diseases CVDs Fact sheet N°317 January 2011
In this sense the health team that care patients with coronary heart disease can’t limit itself to providing simple prescriptions / recommendations, but have to integrate the intervention with an informative and educational support that, according to the same definition of counseling, orient, support and develop the potential of the subject, in order to promote proactive and active attitudes and stimulating his ability to make conscious choices towards a life-saving style of life.
This information and counseling activity should be guaranteed in any acute cardiology structure and should be commensurate with the organizational potential, taking care that the information and suggestions are provided by expert and dedicated staff, so as to convey correct information / health education about the disease.
Audience Take Away:
- From health policies to scientific evidence
- Importance of prevention / education on lifestyles
- Importance of adherence to drug treatment
- Health professionals: what nurses have to do and can do in the hospital context through continuous training and shared care projects.