Aim: 1. Identify ethical problems in nursing cases 2. Analyze and discuss professional behaviors in the light of professional ethical principles and ethical codes 3. Apply a method for discussion of cases in the field of ethics.
Introduction: This project was conducted by the IPASVI Nurses Council of Milan Lodi Monza Brianza in Italy. The Council was invited to analyze the 2008 draft of the new Code of Ethics for Nurses in Italy. The research question addressed by this project was: Is the Council’s Code a valid or useful decision-making instrument for nurses when they are faced with ethical problems in their daily clinical practice?
Methods: A series of focus groups were organized to analyze specific ethical problems in the form of eleven case studies from 2009 to 2017. The analysis was conducted by using sections of the Code relevant to the problem being examined; as well as other documents chosen according to the topic being discussed.
Results: Each focus group had a specific theme and nurses participated freely in the discussions according to the clinical competencies they developed through their practice in a specific field. The answer to the research question posed for this investigation was predominantly affirmative. Many sections of the Code were useful for discussion and identifying possible solutions for the ethical problems presented in the eleven cases.
Conclusion: We conclude from these findings that the Code of Ethics for Nurses in Italy can be a valuable aid in daily practice in most clinical situations that can give rise to ethical problems.