Title : Effectiveness and quality of peer video feedback in health professions education: A systematic review
Objectives: This review aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of peer video feedback (PVF) on healthcare students' reactions and learning outcomes against other feedback methods (e.g., expert- or self-video feedback). It also synthesized the characteristics of PVF within health professions education to identify its effective elements.
Review methods: Seven databases were systematically searched to identify relevant studies, including CENTRAL, CINAHL, ERIC, Embase, PubMed, PsycINFO and Scopus. The effectiveness of PVF on students' reactions, learning, and quality of peer feedback was summarized. Quality appraisal of eligible studies was analysed using the Medical Education Research Study Quality Instrument.
Results: A total of 22 articles were included. Results showed PVF was a helpful learning tool, and students were satisfied with its overall learning experience. PVF demonstrated its positive effect on skill-based learning. The top concern was its quality (accuracy and content), ascribing to peers' limited knowledge, expertise, or feedback experience.
Conclusions: This review affirmed the potential effect of PVF on skill-based learning but revealed students' ambivalent feelings towards its quality. Six effective elements were proposed for its best practice. Future studies are needed to investigate further these proposed elements and how they mediate the educational effects of PVF.