HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at Baltimore, Maryland, USA or Virtually from your home or work.

8th Edition of Nursing World Conference

October 17-19, 2024 | Baltimore, USA

October 17 -19, 2024 | Baltimore, USA
NWC 2024

Rakgadi Grace

Speaker at Nursing Conference - Rakgadi Grace
University of South Africa, South Africa
Title : Understanding and attitudes of adolescents towards sexual and reproductive health and rights in kwazulu-natal, South Africa


In many developing countries, adolescents face challenges in accessing complete sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services and understanding their rights (SRHR). This study aimed to explore the level of knowledge and perceptions that school-going adolescents have regarding SRH and SRHR issues. Employing a descriptive and exploratory qualitative approach, the research gathered data via semi-structured interviews. A nonprobability quota sampling method selected 20 participants aged 14 to 19, from grades 10 to 12, for the study. The data analysis followed the Braun and Clarke thematic strategy, leading to the identification of four main themes. These themes encompassed the adolescents' understanding and views on SRH and SRHR, the accessibility and utilization of SRH services, preferred methods for receiving sexual education, and their attitudes towards SRH/SRHR information, considering whether such topics are considered taboo or acceptable. Conducted in Richards Bay, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, the study unveiled a significant gap in the comprehensive education about SRH and SRHR provided to adolescents. It was found that schools, parents, and religious institutions often fall short in equipping young individuals with the necessary information. The findings highlighted a lack of adequate communication and education on these critical topics, which are essential for the well-being and informed decision-making of adolescents. Given these insights, the study advocates for a multidisciplinary approach to address these gaps. Recommendations include the need for comprehensive sexual education tailored to adolescents, involving not only educational institutions but also families and religious communities. This approach aims to provide young people with a well-rounded understanding of SRH and SRHR, empowering them to make informed decisions about their health and well-being. Overall, the research underscores the urgent need for improved education and communication strategies in the realm of sexual and reproductive health and rights, particularly for adolescents in developing countries. By addressing these issues, the study contributes to the broader goal of enhancing adolescent health and rights, thus aligning with the objectives of the 8th Nursing World Conference.

Audience Take Away Notes:

  • This study offers valuable insights that can be used to improve the delivery of sexual and reproductive health education,
  • Empowering Adolescents: By providing adolescents with comprehensive education on SRH and SRHR, they are better equipped to make informed decisions regarding their health. This empowerment is crucial for their overall well-being and can lead to healthier communities.
  • Cultural Sensitivity and De-stigmatization: The research points to the need for culturally sensitive approaches and the de-stigmatization of SRH topics. Understanding local perceptions and taboos can guide the development of educational material that is more acceptable and effective in different cultural contexts.
  • Inform policy, inspire further research, and ultimately contribute to the better health and well-being of adolescents, particularly in developing countries.


Dr. RG Malapela completed her initial nursing training at Baragwanath Nursing College in 1997. She advanced her education with a BA in Nursing Science (2004), a BA Honours in Health Studies (2013), and a master’s in nursing (2015), all from the University of South Africa (UNISA). She achieved her PhD from UNISA in 2018. Her career includes teaching Psychiatric Nursing Science at SG Lourens Nursing College and joining UNISA as a senior lecturer in 2021, focusing on supervising Master's and Doctoral students and teaching quality in health services management. Her academic contributions include eight research articles and a book chapter.