HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at Baltimore, Maryland, USA or Virtually from your home or work.

8th Edition of Nursing World Conference

October 17-19, 2024 | Baltimore, USA

October 17 -19, 2024 | Baltimore, USA
NWC 2024

Farhana Shaheen

Speaker at Nursing Conferences - Farhana Shaheen
AKU-SONAM, Sindh Mayo Hospital, Pakistan
Title : Prevalence of type A and type B personality among undergraduate nursing students at Karachi, Pakistan


Background: Academic institutions strive for exceptional graduates. However, personality and learning psychology affect student performance. Type A personality students may develop heart palpitations due to impatience and stress. They are less sociable than Type B personalities but more idealistic, competitive, and deadline oriented. These disparities among personalities may impair their academic and job success, especially in healthcare, where interpersonal skills are vital.

Aims: The primary aim of the study was to find out the prevalence of Type A and Type B personality among undergraduate nursing students and to find the association between personality types and academic years.

Methodology: In this quantitative study, a cross-sectional analytical research design was employed to analyse research concerns. In Karachi, Pakistan, the two private SONAM of AKUH and MH&HCC were studied. A proportionate sample of 136 nursing students filled out a Google form to respond on BAI scale items; IBM SPSS 22 analysed the data. Chi-square assessed the relationship between personality types (A&B) and academic years; binary logistic regression modeled it. The study ERC authorised by AKUH.

Results: At both institutes, 21.3% were Type A and 78.7% Type B nursing undergraduates. Institutional findings were significant in binary logistic regression. Year-I had 22.9%, Years-II, and III had  23.5% Type A students, while Year-IV had 15.2%.  Additionally, Year-I had 77.1%, Years-II and III had 76.5%, and Year-IV had 84.8% Type B students. Among 50.7% female and 49.3% male students, female had more 14% Type A compared to male 7.4%. Subsequently,  Type Bs were more prevalent in males 41.9% compared to females 36.8%.Though statistically insignificant results were found at 95% CI.

Conclusion: The study showed both personality types are common across academic years.  Personality types and academic years correlated significantly for nursing students. Type A personality developed with time but declined in the final year. Type B personalities showed inverse patterns. Undergraduates in the final year nursing program had more Type B than Type A personality. After the assessments of personality types, nursing students can enhance their physical and mental health with emotional rehabilitation program. Hence, Institutes can effectively produce talented and market-ready nursing graduates.

Audience Take Away Notes:

Educational Insights: Faculty and educator can use this research to understand how different personality types evolve and impact students, aiding in better mentoring and support strategies.

Enhancing Students Performance: This study offers practical implications to improve student support programs, fostering emotional well-being among nursing students for better academic outcomes.

Teaching & Research Expansion: Other faculty members can use this research to expand their teachings on the influence of personality types on academic progression, contributing to a broader understanding in education and healthcare fields.

Developing Effective Intervention: Designing targeted interventions and emotional rehabilitation programs for nursing students based on personality types to produce more proficient and resilient graduates.


With a Diploma in Nursing in 2009, I advanced my education, obtaining an MSc in Gender and Women's Studies. Continuing my pursuit of excellence, I earned a Post Registered Nurse BSc from King Edward Medical University, Lahore, and specialized in Ophthalmic Nursing. Currently enrolled in MScN at Aga Khan School of Nursing, Karachi, I aim to deepen my expertise. My clinical journey began post-diploma, encompassing 13 years of dedicated service in Pakistan's public healthcare sector. Presently, I contribute to Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Punjab, applying my extensive clinical experience to enhance healthcare outcomes and support the well-being of individuals within the community.