Background: The GarantisadongPambata Program (GPP) was developed by the Department of Health (DOH) to address the slowly deteriorating vital statistics of the country. However, despite the program’s implementation, the country’s vital statistics continued to slowly decline.The Philippines’ worsening Maternal Mortality rate, Infant Mortality Rate, and persistently high incidence of communicable diseases among children imply poor compliance to the program.
Aims: The main objective of this study is to determine the extent of compliance of families to the GPP. More specifically, we would like to determine the difference of compliance among ethnicities, family structures, and family sizes. Facilitators and barriers towards compliance will also be identified.
Methods: A descriptive-quantitative study was conducted inIrisan, Baguio City, where 373 respondents were gathered through purposive sampling, calculated using Yamane’s Formula. To be included in the study, families must: (1) be aware of the GPP, (2) have children 14 years and below, and (3) be able to understand Tagalog, Ilokano, or English. A self-made questionnaire with a CVI score of 0.97 was used, measured using the Likert Scale. Simple frequency plotting and ANOVA testing was used, depending on the nature of the variables.
Results: The overall compliance of families in Baguio City is 3.69 out of 4.00. Differences in the degree of compliance amongstethnicities, family structures, and family sizes were insignificant. “Care of Newborn”was the element most adhered to (3.89), while “Birth Spacing” was the least (3.38). Congruence of health beliefs to the health programswas the most facilitating factor, while incomplete knowledge of the GPPwas the largest barrier.
Conclusion:The compliance of families in Baguio City to the GPP is high, with minimal variances between ethnicity, number of children, and family structure. The element that needs most addressing is family planning.
Recommendations: The DOH should continue and maintain the presence of their programs in Baguio City, while specifically focusing on enhancing family planning programs to address the issue of birth spacing. A qualitative study on the experience of families who complied with the GPP may also be done in future researches