4th Nursing World Conference
- August 19-21, 2019
- London, UK
Professor Eva Manyedi studied Nursing at Baragwanath Hospital, South Africa. She graduated as Nurse Faculty in 1991. She then taught at the Mmabatho College of Nursing in 1992 as a clinical tutor and later became a psychiatric nursing lecturer at the same college. In 1999 she joined the North West University as a lecturer. She obtained a Masters Degree in Community Psychiatric Nursing in 2001 and subsequently obtained her Ph.D. in 2008 after which she became senior lecturer. She was promoted to Associate Professor in 2017. She published several articles on Community Health and Psychiatric Health Nursing. She is passionate about women Mental Health.
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to explore and describe factors influencing termination of pregnancy (TOP) among young women and to recommend guidelines that could be implemented to support them as well as reduce repeated termination of pregnancies.
Research design and methods: A qualitative, exploratory, descriptive and contextual research design was followed in order to explore and describe factors influencing termination of pregnancy among young women in Mafikeng North West Province. A non-probability purposive sampling technique was utilized to purposively identify and select participants who met the inclusion criteria for the study. The sample size was determined by data saturation. Research approval was granted by the Campus Human Research Ethics Committee as well as the Research Ethics Committee of the North West University. Permission to conduct this research was also obtained from the North West Provincial Department of Health, operational managers of the Health Centers, and the hospital Manager of the Provincial Hospital where data was collected. Consents to participate were obtained from each woman who requested TOP. In-depth individual interviews were utilized to collect data. Data saturation was reached after fifteen participants and twenty five in-depth individual interviews with women requesting TOP were conducted.
Findings: The findings of this study indicated that factors influencing termination of pregnancy were economic factors, educational (the need for self-development), health factors as well as social factors.
Conclusions: Conclusions reached were that these women opted for TOP because they did not have means to bring up a child, educational factors in which case they needed to further their studies, due to physical ill-health and social factors that included among others rejection by parents, stigma and being abandoned by partners. Recommendations were made for nursing practice, nursing education, as well as nursing research.