HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at Orlando, USA or Virtually from your home or work.

6th Edition of Nursing World Conference

October 27-29, 2022 | Orlando, USA

October 27 -29, 2022 | Orlando, Florida, USA
NWC 2022

Ali Delshad Noghabi

Speaker at  Nursing World Conference 2022 - Ali Delshad Noghabi
Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Title : Anxiety severity levels and coping strategies during the COVID-19 pandemic among people aged 15 years and above in gonabad, Iran


Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak is a global health problem. It is necessary to provide evidence on its unprecedented psychological effects to develop effective psychological interventions. The current study aims to determine the anxiety severity level, coping strategies, and influencing factors in response to the COVID-19 pandemic among people aged 15 years and above in Gonabad, Iran.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey via online questionnaires between February and March 2020. We evaluated the anxiety severity levels and coping strategies using the Corona Disease Anxiety Scale (CDAS) and Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations–Short Form (CISS-SF), respectively. Multinomial and ordinal logistic regression models were used to identify the predictors of coping strategies and anxiety.

Results: Totally, 500 people completed the questionnaires (response rate: 73%). Of them, 53.4% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 48.9%- 57.8%) suffered moderate to severe levels of anxiety. More than half of the respondents (52.0%; 95% CI: 47.5%-56.4%) utilized emotional-based or avoidant coping strategies. People with no academic education (odds ratio [OR]: 2.16; 95% CI: 1.41-3.31) and without physical exercise (OR: 2.04; 95% CI: 1.22-3.33) preferred emotional-based coping instead of problem-based coping strategy. Female gender (OR: 1.60, 95%, CI: 1.13-2.28), underlying medical conditions (OR: 2.52, 95% CI: 1.65–3.87), and emotional-based coping (OR: 4.06, 95% CI: 2.76–5.99) were associated with higher severity levels of anxiety.

Conclusion: The severity of anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic was significant among participants. Further attention is needed to enhance the mental health of the vulnerable population during the COVID-19 pandemic. Our findings also identified some factors related to the severity level of anxiety related to COVID-19 that could help formulate better psychological interventions.

Keywords: Anxiety, COVID-19, Iran, Pandemics, Psychological adaptation


Dr. Ali Delshad Noghabi studied MSc of Community Health Nursing at the Mashhad University in Iran. He then joined the Scientific Board Members of Gonabad University of Medical Sciences. He received her PhD degree in Health Psychology at the Azad University in Iran. He is also teaching as a researcher and a member of the Research Council of Social Development Research Center and promotion of health at the university. He has published more than 134 research articles in Persian and non-Persian journals.)