HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at Orlando, USA or Virtually from your home or work.

6th Edition of Nursing World Conference

October 27-29, 2022 | Orlando, USA

October 27 -29, 2022 | Orlando, Florida, USA
NWC 2022

Michelle Carter

Speaker at  Nursing World Conference 2022 - Michelle Carter
University of Maryland Baltimore, United States
Title : Applying kolcaba s comfort theory in orienting new nurses to the field


Over 150,000 new nurses enter the workforce each year. Since the origin of the Covid-19 pandemic, some of the nurses entering the field have graduated early to enter the workforce; some with minimal patient experience due to lack of opportunities for in person clinicals. These new nurses face challenges in applying skills in a real-world environment as well as adapting to an overstressed system. These new nurses often report bullying as part of the orientation process, which contributes to 1/5 new nurses leaving their job within one year  and 1/3 leaving within two years. The current environment poses an opportunity for nurse educators and nurse preceptors to employ Kolcaba’s Comfort Theory in orienting new nurses into the field. Kolcaba’s theory was originally used in the context of providing holistic patient care. A review of literature was performed to identify the implications of applying Kolcaba’s theory to new nurse orientation and the possible implications at a patient, nurse, and organizational level. Findings suggest that when applied to nursing students, those students demonstrated reduced anxiety and enhanced ability to adapt to new challenges. In operationalizing the theory for new nurses, educators and precentors will need to be properly trained in the theory’s application to provide new nurses with a safe environment to learn and enhance their sense of self-efficacy. The implications of enhanced self-efficacy and adaptation skills has a positive effect on job satisfaction and nurse retention, which have long-reaching benefits for patients, nurses, and healthcare organizations.


Michelle Carter graduated with a BS in criminal justice at Northeastern University in 2002 and then obtained her MSW at the University of Maryland Baltimore in 2004. She worked as a social worker for 10 years mostly with at-risk children and families. She then obtained her ADN at Anne Arundel Community College in 2014 and starting working as an emergency room nurse where she remains today. She obtained her BSN at University of Maryland Global Campus in 2018 and is currently enrolled in the DNP/FNP program at the University of Maryland Baltimore.