Introduction: The work ability of community health care providers is crucial for the health status of the community, especially in primary level of health care.
Purpose: This study aimed to describe the quality of working life, work environment, work ability and to examine the predictor of work ability of community health care providers.
Design and method: This is descriptive predictive study. The sample included 284 community health care providers in 38 Township Public Health Department in Yangon Region, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. Research instruments consisted of the Work related Quality of Life Scale (WRQoL) 2 developed by Easton & Van Laar (2018), Work Environment Impact Scale (WEIS-SR) developed by Wästberg, Haglund, & Eklund (2012) and Work Ability Index (WAI) developed by Tuomi, et.al. (1998). The validities of three questionnaires were good and their Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were .80 - .95. Descriptive and multiple regression statistics were used to analyze data.
Results: 1) Community health care providers perceived that their work environment was at a high level, their working life quality was at an average level, and their work abilities were at a good level. This indicates that the community health care administrators should maintain their work environment of community health care providers, and support to enhance their quality of working life and work ability. 2) The quality of working life is a predictor of work ability of community health care providers. However, the work environment did not effect on the work ability of community health care providers.
Conclusion: The results suggest that public health administrators should support the work related quality of life of community health care providers in terms of control at work, employee engagement, wellbeing, home-work interface, job and career satisfaction, stress at work and working conditions. If the quality of work life of community health care providers will be improved, their capability will be increased to perform their job, accountability of job demands, health condition, and mental resources.